Photo: drpavloff / Flickr


This work was made stronger by the insights and knowledge of an advisory board of researchers and higher-education experts:

  • Beth Akers, Manhattan Institute

  • Jee Hang Lee, Association of Community College Trustees

  • Nick Lee, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

  • Erin Knepler, formerly of Public Agenda

  • Deborah Santiago, Excelencia in Education

  • Jaime Zapata, GMMB

  • Maeve Ward, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

The authors would also like to thank the practitioners who graciously shared success stories about their colleges and universities, particularly Tim Donahue, director of winemaking, from Walla Walla Community College and Jane MacKillop, Pamela Hinden, and Maria Camaj from CUNY Lehman.

And finally, the authors would like to give a very special thanks to Megan for sharing her story.

Varying Degrees was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. New America thanks the Foundation for its support.