1. Does public election funding create more extreme legislators? Evidence from Arizona and Maine: Political science scholars look at Maine and Arizona’s Clean Elections laws and find that public funding for state legislative candidates has no impact on whether legislators will be more or less ideologically extreme in comparison to candidates financed by private donors.
2. Gaming Arizona: Public Money and Shifting Candidate Strategies: While money is an important component of creating more financial equality among candidates, a public financing subsidy alone is not enough. When accepting public funding for elections, candidates must adhere to a set of rules that may often lead to a series of last-minute campaigning and a general decrease in campaign activity, which may have a negative impact on voter perception and citizen mobilization.
3. Measuring the stringency of state campaign finance regulation: By looking at the three major areas of campaign finance regulation (disclosure, expenditures, and public financing), the author shows that stringent laws leads to a decrease in businesses and labor groups contributions, as well as a decrease in gubernatorial campaign spending and the cost per vote.
4. The Campaign Finance Institute’s Campaign Finance Bibliography: This is an online bibliography of money and politics research.
5. Beyond Citizens United: The authors of this paper argue that to address issues of campaign financing in ways that don’t directly infringe on political speech, courts should use a modified rational basis review when a law implicates the interests of a major campaign contributor. In this case, changes in the institutional design of the policymaking process serve as another way to enact campaign finance regulation.
6. Small-Donor Empowerment: A New Menu of Options to Strengthen the Voice of Citizens: Instead of reforms that limit how concentrated wealth influences the electoral and legislative process, policymakers could focus on empowering small donors as a way to reduce the self-reinforcing cycle of economic and political inequality.
7. Predicting the Impact of Democracy Vouchers: Analysis and Questions in Light of South Dakota’s Successful Initiative: This report aims to predict how the South Dakota’s vouchers law will work in practice, and suggests that the new vouchers and contribution limits are likely to have five main effects: reducing the importance of direct contributions from PACs, increasing the importance of small donors and diversifying financial power, increasing candidate participation, reshaping the role of political parties and interest groups, and making campaigns more financially feasible for new candidates.
8. Citizen Funding for Elections: What do we know? What are the effects? What are the options? This brief argues that citizen funds aren’t a panacea to all campaign financing problems, but that well-designed programs can have an impact on the economic and demographic diversity of voters who contribute to campaigns. Citizen funding may also play a role in candidates’ decision to run and how they conducts their campaign.
9. Anonymous Money in Congressional Campaigns: Is Sunlight the Best Disinfectant? This study looks at the post-Citizens United dark-money phenomenon and finds that dark-money groups are mostly conservative organizations, and provides some support to the theory that dark-money groups will avoid activity in strongly regulated races. The study also outlines efforts to increase transparency in elections.