- The capacity for learning is grounded in early brain development.
- Human development is a continuous,
dynamic interplay between biology and environment. There are critical
periods where the developing brain is especially responsive to early
- Early experiences affect how the
brain develops. They also affect gene expression, which means that they affect
a gene’s instructions for creating proteins or other products that lead to
growth and development. Environmental factors may affect child development
differently depending on underlying individual genetic characteristics.
- Economic adversity
may lead to more stress-related disruptions in the development of brain areas
associated with important self-regulatory and cognitive functions, impairing the
capacity to deal with other disadvantages or social difficulties children may
- Some children are more responsive to the social environment and are affected by both negative and positive environmental factors.