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Additional References

Ablon, Lillian, Martin C. Libicki and Andrea A. Golay. Markets for Cybercrime Tools and Stolen Data: Hackers' Bazaar. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2014. http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR610.html. Also available in print form.

Goncharov, Max, “Russian Underground Revisited,” Cybercriminal Underground Economy Series, 2014, http://www.trendmicro.com.au/cloud-content/us/pdfs/security-intelligence/white-papers/wp-russian-underground-revisited.pdf.

Grier, Chris, et al. 2012. Manufacturing compromise: the emergence of exploit-as-a-service. In Proceedings of the 2012 ACM conference on Computer and communications security (CCS '12). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 821-832.

Herr, Trey, and Richard M. Harrison. Cyber Insecurity: Navigating the Perils of the Next Information Age. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2016. Print.

"How We Go Deeper To Protect You From New Threats". SafeandSavvy.F-Secure.com. N. p., 2013. Web.

Brian Krebs, “Carberp Code Leak Stokes Copycat Fears”, June 13th, 2013, https://krebsonsecurity.com/2013/06/carberp-code-leak-stokes-copycat-fears/

Martin, Sean, CISSP. "The Making Of A Cybercrime Market". CSO Online. N. p., 2017. Web.

Schiffman, Mike. "A Brief History Of Malware Obfuscation: Part 1 Of 2". Cisco Blogs. N. p., 2017. Web.

Shakarian, Jana, and Andrew T. Gunn. "Exploring Malicious Hacker Forums." Cyber Deception: Building the Scientific Foundation. Ed. Paulo Shakarian. New York City: Springer, 2016. 259-82. Print.

Sood, Aditya K., Richard J. Enbody, Crimeware-as-a-service—A survey of commoditized crimeware in the underground market, International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2013, Pages 28-38.

Thomas, Kurt, et al. Framing Dependencies Introduced by Underground Commoditization, Workshop on the Economics of Information Security. 2015. Web.