Postsecondary Institutions

As higher education has become more widespread, the number of types of institutions students can choose from has also begun to expand. While historically, most colleges and universities were designed for academically excellent high school students to advance their studies in a four-year, residential setting, this is no longer the case. Postsecondary institutions not serve a variety of students and incorporate a variety of missions. For example, Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Hispanic Serving Institutions place a particular emphasis on the needs of minority students and are eligible for specific federal funding streams to advance their goals of serving these students. While many of these colleges are private, nonprofit schools, and are quite traditional in other respects, their unique design lets them help black and minority undergraduates succeed. In addition, the rise of community colleges has given students without financial, academic, or other means to attend a four-year university the opportunity to pursue higher education, through both career and academically oriented degree and certificate programs. More recently, for-profit schools, boot camps, and other innovative models have also become more commonplace, expanding the scope of postsecondary education in the United States.

Minority Serving Institutions

Title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965 provides funds directly to institutions of higher education that serve low-income and minority students.