This article aims to first, examine the growing phenomenon of female foreign fighters
from the West to Iraq and Syria and second, discuss possible motivations and situational
factors that contribute to the influx of women into terrorist organizations. Within that
discussion, we seek to distinguish personal and private motivations from political
and pragmatic ones. Finally, we briefly discuss how women might shape the future of
the Islamic State and how situational factors present in certain countries, like Jordan
or Lebanon for example, may make its female population more or less susceptible to
joining the Islamic state.