Max Smeets

Cybersecurity Policy Fellow

Max Smeets is a cybersecurity fellow at Stanford University Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC). He is also a non-resident cybersecurity policy fellow at New America.

Smeets' current book project focuses on the causes underlying cyber proliferation and restraint. The results of his research are valuable for understanding the likely changes in the future prevalence of cyber weapons. It clarifies to what degree this is an ‘inevitable’ development—and if/how it can be stopped.

Smeets was previously a college lecturer in politics at Keble College, University of Oxford. He has also held research positions at Oxford Cyber Studies Programme, Columbia University SIPA, Sciences Po CERI, and NATO CCD COE.

He holds an undergraduate degree from University College Roosevelt, Utrecht University, an M.Phil (Brasenose College) and DPhil (St. John's College) in international relations from the University of Oxford.

More information at: | @SmeetsMWE

All Work

Contesting "Cyber"

The inconsistent application of the prefix “cyber” stems not only from confusion, but also from contest.

Exit, Voice, and Cyberspace

Albert Hirschman, in his classic work Exit, Voice, and Loyalty, states that in declining firms, organizations or states can either “exit”...

ARPANET; Where did it all start again?

There is said to be a single hook around which much of the scholarship on cyberspace evolved.

The Word 'Cyber' Now Means Everything

And nothing at all.

"Cyber Exceptionalism”

In this post we suggest that the concept of cyberspace enables a form of exceptionalism, similar to “American exceptionalism”.

Substantive vs. implied definitions: A Mundane stuff or the Wild West?

Descriptions of cyberspace can be split into two main types: substantive and implied.

The Connotations of “Cyberspace” Shift From Opportunity to Threat

In many early uses of the term, cyberspace had clear connotations of achievement or approval.

Contesting "Cyber"

Over the last few decades there has been a proliferation of the term “cyber”, and commensurate levels of inconsistency.