Global warming and its ruinous consequences can hardly be downplayed. Anatol Lieven in his sympathetic and well-researched book, Pakistan: A Hard Country, has pinpointed climate change as the leading threat to the long-term stability of the country. The widespread floods of 2010 badly damaged state and ecological systems, infrastructure and agriculture, caused dislocation of millions and loss of livelihoods. Their rehabilitation after each flood occurrence poses a major threat. And the worst is yet to come. The real effects of climate change will only be felt in their full fury in Pakistan after another fifty years!