As part of its readjustment benefits program, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides funding for education for veterans of the armed forces as they return home. The program aims to help veterans transition into civilian life, with education benefits provided to all returning veterans in order to help develop workforce skills. This was first legislated following World War II, through the Servicemembers Readjustment Act, which later became known as the GI Bill. The current version of the program is the Post 9/11 GI bill, which provides much more generous education benefits than any of its predecessors. Supplemental programs, such as the Yellow Ribbon program, have also emerged to help cover any remaining cost that might be incurred. In some cases, these benefits can be transferred to a qualified dependent, including a veteran’s spouse or children.
The Department of Defense (DOD) also provides education funding to current service members, through its Tuition Assistance program. Funding for these programs is administered through each individual branch of the armed forces, with differing eligibility criteria and generosity levels. These grants are intended to secure education or training that will enable current service members to perform their designated role.